KBART 2.0: Glossary of relevant terms

KBART logoThe following terms have been identified as being of relevance to the work of the Knowledge Bases And Related Tools (KBART) working group.

Please note that the definitions are given in relation to the work of that group, and in some cases may not translate precisely to the definition that would be offered in a wider context.

Aggregator
A bibliographic service that provides online access to the digital full text of
periodicals published by different publishers. Subscriptions are available by
package, rather than title by title. Typically packages vary by the type of
library (e.g., special, academic, public). See also: full text host

Appropriate copy

The version, among many, that is most appropriate for a specific user in a
specific situation at a given institution. This is likely to be a version of
which they are entitled to access the full text, probably because of a
subscription paid for by the library.

Article-level links

A URL that takes a user directly to the correct article he seeks, rather than
to the publication, volume, or issue from which it comes. Not necessarily an
OpenURL. An article-level link may take the user to an abstract, or to a
version of the full text if it is available to them.

Athens
authentication

Federated access control used widely by higher/further education institutions
in the UK to simplify online access for users (particularly remote users).

Consortia


A collection of libraries that work together to purchase and provide access to
resources; in some cases just a 'buying club,' in other cases a
closely-integrated network of related libraries. Publishers also join together
into consortia to offer cross-publisher content packages to libraries.

Content packages


Bundles of content which can be purchased more cheaply than separate licences
to the individual components, such as those offered by single-publisher
"big deals", aggregators or publisher consortia.

Content provider


A vendor -- generally a publisher, aggregator, or full text host -- who offers
full-text content for sale or lease to libraries. In the KBART context, this
specifically does not include those who provide abstracting and indexing
services, or linking and e-resource management services.

Context-sensitive

Tailored to the current user's context, for example, amending or
re-ordering the links offered to a user, based on the institution from which he is accessing.

COUNTER


"Counting Online Usage of NETworked Electronic Resources" - a code of
practice for defining usage statistics of electronic resources, so that
resources from different vendors can be compared with each other effectively. For more information, see www.projectcounter.org.

DOI

"Digital Object Identifier" - a system for uniquely defining a
digital resource, be it a journal article, a book chapter, a paragraph, an
image, or some other item. Content providers must be affiliated to a DOI
registration agency, and must own the rights to the content, in order to assign
DOIs. For more information, see www.doi.org.

DOI
resolution

DOIs are held in a database alongside the metadata describing the object
they identify, and a current URL for that object. DOIs can be resolved by appending
them to the base URL http://dx.doi.org. This directs them to the central DOI
database, which looks up the current URL associated with the object, and
redirects the user's browser to that location.

Embargo

A limitation on access to a resource, placed by the publisher on distributors
of the publisher's data; usually to prevent the cancellation of individual
subscriptions. Example: a publisher's own website provides current issues of
their e-publications, but an aggregator's website only provides issues older
than one year.

Enumeration


The use of number, volume, and issue descriptors to identify a specific journal
issue, as opposed to the use of chronological descriptors.

ERM


"Electronic Resource Management" - a broad term for a collection of
commercially-available tools to help libraries manage their electronic
resources.

Federated
search

Technology that allows searching of multiple databases at essentially the same
time, and renders multiple result sets within a single interface.

Free
content


Full-text
content that can be accessed by any individual with internet access.
The individual may need to register in some way to access the content, but does
not need to pay for the content or access to the content.

Full text
host

A vendor who is contracted by the publisher to host full texts of publications
in a single, searchable database, to which access is enabled by subscriptions
to individual publications, or article document delivery, rather than a licence
to the entire database or parts thereof. A full text host
also differs from an aggregator in that it will usually be the publisher’s
“primary” host, and will not be subject to an embargo.

Gateway


A site which channels users to full text without hosting that full text, for
example, a subscription agent's website that authenticates the user and
directs them to the full text at a publisher's website.

ILS

"Integrated Library System" - a collection of integrated tools for
managing all the different parts of a library's collection management system

Inbound linking

(syntax)

Links into a website from other online resources. A content provider is
enabling inbound linking if they publish page URLs or a syntax enabling others
to predict a page's URL.

Indexed
, abstracts, and
fulltext content

Indexes contain article title, authors and bibliographic info (journal title,
volume, issue, year, page number) for journal content. An "abstracting and
indexing" (A&I) database contains this information along with each
article's abstract. Full text content is the entire text of the article, and is
typically only available from the publisher or other licensed content
providers
/aggregators.

Knowledge
base

A database that shows the resources a library can access electronically, or
that it owns in print.

Link resolver


A software tool that connects a description of an article (the source) with
the full text of the article in question (the target).

Link-to
syntax

The formula by which links to specific pages within a website can be
constructed, usually consisting of a base URL and a string of
metadata/identifiers.

Localization


The process of configuring a knowledge base to represent a specific
institution's holdings.

Metadata


"Data about data"; information that describes content. For an
article, this might be its title, the names of its authors, the title of the
journal from which it is taken, the volume, issue and article or page numbers.

OPAC


"Online Public Access Catalog" - the public interface for a library's
catalogue; just one part of the integrated library system.

Open
Access

Business model by which full-text content is free at the point of access i.e.
users do not need to pay for a subscription or other licence to view full text.

OpenURL


Syntax for transporting information about a target article from the source
website to the link resolver.

SFX


One of a number of commercially-available link resolvers; SFX was developed by
Herbert van de Sompel, then commercialized by Ex Libris. It was the first
resolver available on the market and is the current market leader in link
resolvers.

Shibboleth
authentication

Federated access management system, not yet widely used but likely to flourish
as a result of industry endorsements.

Source


Article or website that is the starting point for a user, that cites another
article or website, and that can create and send OpenURLs to link to the cited
article or website.

Subscribed
content

Content which the current user is licensed to access.

Subscription agent

Company that is contracted by publishers to sell subscriptions (or other types
of access licence) to libraries, consortia and other institutions.

Target

Article or website that is the end requirement for a user, that has been cited
by another article or website, and that can receive inbound links from a link
resolver.

Title-level links

A
URL that takes a user directly to the publication he seeks, rather than to a
specific volume, issue or article within it. Not necessarily an OpenURL.

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